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Blue Mosque Istanbul

The Blue Mosque (Sultanahmet Camii) is considered to be the largest and most magnificent mosque in Istanbul, and represents a true masterpiece of Ottoman architecture. Its construction was governed by Sultan Ahmet I, who ruled between 1603 and 1617.

 
A student of the most important Ottoman architect Mimar Sinan took the order and began the construction work in 1616 until its completion. Not only the choice of the placement, but also the building materials and interior decoration of the mosque were carefully selected. Hundreds of meters of valuable silk carpets from its own palace weaving, crystalline oil lamps from abroad, and thousands of blue Iznik faades, which rightly gave the European name their name, were used. The Blue Mosque is famous for its graceful composition of domes and half-domes, as well as its imposing yet harmonious proportions.
What distinguishes the Blue Mosque from all other mosques in the Islamic world are its six minarets. Four of them, which rise at the corners, have three turns each. According to a well-known narrative, the Sultan expressed the desire to have the minarets built of gold. The architect Mehmet Ağa understood the Turkish word "altın" for gold as "altı" for the number 6 and thus had six minarets built, whose silhouette today also give the city a beautiful accent. The Sultan then established a seventh minaret to the Al-Haram Mosque in Mecca, which was the largest in Islam. To this day, it is unclear whether the builder found the gold material too precious and used the word game in a deliberate manner.


The area of ​​the Blue Mosque includes a medrese, Armenian kitchen, caravansarei, a fountain, a hospital, sales halls and mausoleums. Their interior decorations are of such beauty that they could, in their time, overshadow all Ottoman mosques built in front of them.
A total of 260 windows illuminate the interior, whose colorful glass windows are now modern replicas of the original Venetian glass. The 43-meter-high main dome is supported by four pointed arches and four pendentifs, which are resting on four celestial columns, just under 5 meters thick. The prayer room is almost square. A black stone of the Kaaba from the holy city of Mecca was admitted into the prayer domain. Right next to her is the "Minbar", the preaching chancel for the Friday prayer.
The lodge of the Koransinger, which lies in front of the pulpit, is also a true copy of the singer's lodge in Mecca. To the left is the prayer field, the lodge of the Sultan, in which he had once met his prayers. Various surprises from the Koran and the words of the Prophet Muhammad adorn the high walls of the mosque. The courtyard is the same size as the building itself. You enter it through one of the three large entrances on the sides of the courtyard.


The Sultan could enjoy the sight of the Sultanahmet mosque named after him only a year after its completion. He was buried in a mausoleum of the building complex of the mosque. Also his wife and three of his sons rest in the doorway and are accessible to visitors.
Enter the gates of a world famous building and admire the combination of art and religion, which perches on one of the seven hills above the city.
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